Meeting the goals of limiting climate change set by the international community requires, among other things, quadrupling the annual rate of increase in the deployment of electricity from solar and wind sources by 2030.
This is one of the 25 recommendations included in the first official evaluation report commissioned by the 45 countries that committed themselves at the COP26 in Glasgow in 2021 to make clean technologies the most affordable, accessible and attractive option at the beginning of the next decade in the main emitting sectors of carbon dioxide (CO2).
In the past decade, the power generation capacity from renewables increased by 130%, while non-renewable sources rose by 24%.
The International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (Irena) and the UN High-Level Champions for Climate Change, who are the authors of the report, consider that by 2030 the world needs to incorporate An additional 630 gigawatts of solar power and 30 gigawatts of wind power.
8% INCREASE IN RENEWABLES IN 2022
According to his calculations, renewable capacities will rise by 8% this year to 300 gigawatts, which in total is equivalent to what is needed to supply some 225 million homes.
Another of the main recommendations addressed to the leaders participating in the Global Action Forum for Clean Energy to be held in the US city of Pittsburgh this Wednesday and Thursday is to set deadlines for the marketing of new vehicles that emit CO2.
Specifically, his proposal consists of not allowing the sale of new cars and vans with thermal engines from 2035 (when this obligation is already expected to be imposed in the European Union) and also forcing that from 2040 they only go out to the zero emission truck market
Last year, a record 6.6 million electric vehicles were sold in the world, double the number in 2020. They represented around 9% of the world total.
AN ELECTRICITY SHARE OF 60% IN 2030
In order to respect the international objectives of global warming limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius, that market share would have to be increased to 60% in 2030, which would require a tenfold increase in charging infrastructure for electric vehicles.
The production of so-called green hydrogen (generated from renewable sources) and hydrogen with low CO2 emissions would have to rise from less than 1 million tons in 2020 to about 150 million in 2030.
In the steel industry, the priority would be to go from 1 million tons of low-carbon steel annually today to around 100 million tons at the beginning of the next decade. That would imply a 30% reduction in emissions intensity.
The authors of the study also set a series of goals for the agricultural sector, which accounts for around 20% of global emissions that cause global warming.
In that case, it would be about increasing yields while stopping the expansion of cropland and grazing land to stop deforestation.
The executive director of the IEA, Fatih Birol, insisted that “only by accelerating the transition to sustainable clean energy” can “energy security” be achieved, at a time when the world is experiencing “the first truly global energy crisis”.
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION FOR THE ENERGY TRANSITION
Birol underlined the importance of international cooperation that will allow this transition to be “faster, cheaper and easier for the whole world”.
“Without this collaboration -he warned-, the transition to net zero emissions will be much more complicated and could be delayed for decades”.
According to the organizations involved in this study, international cooperation can help reduce the costs of some clean technologies by 18% by 2030.
In addition, the energy transition to align with the objective of a global warming limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius would allow the creation of about 85 million new jobs in that horizon from 2019, which would compensate for the 12 million jobs that would disappear by the same process.